There is a difference, I think, between adult learning and the traditional learning of children in schools. I am reading "Handbook of Online Learning" (Innovations in Higher Education and Corporate Training, Rudestam, KE and Schoenholtz-Read, J Eds, Sage 2002) - definitely in the realm of adult learning, but I wonder if there are insights to be had here which would apply in schools.
The non-participating student in class is generally a student who is not learning. What are the reasons for non-participation? There are many, but for some, the idea of being able to review notes and presentations afterwards (asynchronously) may be appealing.
What about the students who wants to take their ideas further? Can appropriate VLEs be set up to allow this interest to be tapped?
And to continue discussion after class, on an existing or new topic, moderated and facilitated by a teacher or better still a student.
What other complements are there for VLEs?